Lycopene is one of the main active ingredients in tomato extracts and is one of the common carotenoids. Currently, lycopene is widely used not only as a natural pigment but also in functional foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.
Studies have shown that lycopene has the following effects in biology:
1. improve immunity, anti-aging: lycopene can enhance immunity, restore physical fitness, and help reduce UV damage to the skin, improve skin aging and age spots.
2. anti-oxidation: oxidative damage is considered to be one of the main causes of increased incidence of cancer and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The in vitro antioxidant capacity of lycopene has been confirmed by many experiments. The ability of lycopene to resist oxidation is more than twice that of the commonly used antioxidant β-carotene and 100 times that of vitamin E.
3. protection of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular: can inhibit the formation of arteriosclerosis, improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipemia, coronary heart disease.
4. protect the skin: lycopene has the function of reducing skin radiation or ultraviolet (UV) damage.
5. men, can help prevent and improve prostate hyperplasia, prostatitis, and other urinary system diseases, and help improve male sperm quality and reduce the risk of infertility.
6. prevention or improvement of cataract and age-related macular degeneration. Cataract and age-related macular degeneration are common eye diseases in the elderly.