Coenzyme Q10 (Coenzyme Q10), abbreviation: CoQ10, also known as vitamin Q, Chinese aliases: decenylquinone, ubiquinone, ubidecenone, coenzyme Q10, coenzyme Q is a fat-soluble quinone compound that exists widely in the body, different The source of coenzyme Q has a different number of isoprene units in its side chain. Humans and mammals have 10 isoprene units, so it is called coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q plays an important role in the transfer of protons and electron transfer in the respiratory chain in the body, and its structure is similar to vitamin K, vitamin E and plastoquinone. "Participating in energy production and activation in human body cells is the most effective antioxidant ingredient to prevent the formation of arteriosclerosis."
Coenzyme Q10 is present in most eukaryotic cells, especially mitochondria. It is one of the components of the respiratory chain. Its content on the inner membrane of the mitochondria is much higher than that of other components of the respiratory chain, and its fat solubility makes it inside. The film has a high degree of fluidity and is particularly suitable as a mobile electron transporter. The benzoquinone part of coenzyme Q10 is synthesized in the body using tyrosine as a raw material, while the isoprene side chain is synthesized from the acetyl CoA raw material via the mevalonate pathway. Therefore, the hypotensive β-blocker and cholesterol-lowering drug statin that act by blocking the mevalonate pathway will also affect the synthesis of coenzyme Q10 in the body when used. In addition, coenzyme Q10 can produce energy from mitochondria The active oxygen (active oxygen, which destroys protein and DNA, causes cell disease and cancer) discharged during the process is eliminated. Coenzyme Q10 is relatively high in foods such as organs (heart, liver, kidney), beef, soybean oil, sardines, mackerel, and peanuts. Ingestion of about 1 catty of sardines, 2 catties of beef or 3 catties of peanuts can provide about 30mg respectively Coenzyme Q10.