Many studies have shown that tomatoes (tomato) have anti-cancer properties. A recent study provides further evidence that tomato extracts can treat and even prevent gastric cancer. Researchers from the United States and Italy found that the full extract of two tomato varieties (San Marzano and Corbarino) prevented the growth of gastric cancer cells and inhibited their malignant features.
The co-author of the study, Professor Antonio Giordano, director of the Sbarro Institute of Molecular Medicine at Temple University in Philadelphia, and colleagues published their latest research in the Journal of Cellular Physiology. According to the American Cancer Society, about 28,000 cases of stomach cancer have been diagnosed in the United States this year. Gastric cancer is most common in middle-aged and elderly people. About 60% of confirmed patients with gastric cancer are 65 years of age or older.
Previous studies have shown that compounds found in tomatoes, such as lycopene, a carotenoid that makes tomatoes red, may help fight cancer.
However, Professor Giordano and his colleagues noted that research on the anticancer effects of whole tomatoes was rarely seen, and they began to tackle the gap in this study. Tomato extracts inhibit gastric cancer cell growth To obtain their results, the researchers examined the effects of two extracts of San Marzano and Corbarino on gastric cancer cell lines.
They found that each extract not only prevented the growth of gastric cancer cells, but also interfered with the metastasis of cancer cells. In addition, the researchers found that the anti-cancer effect of tomato whole extracts was not specifically implemented in a particular compound. "Their anti-tumor effects do not appear to be related to a specific component (such as lycopene) and seem to indicate that the anti-cancer effect of tomatoes is overall effective," co-author of the study, Melcogliano, Italy. Daniela Barone of the research center said.
Researchers say their findings suggest that tomato extract may help prevent and treat stomach cancer.